fbpx Israel | Reconstructing Judaism

Statement on the Spiraling Violence between Israelis and Palestinians


Reconstructing Judaism and Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association logos


The spiraling violence that began in Jerusalem and now includes all of Israel, Gaza, and the West Bank is heartbreaking and frightening. We condemn the rocket attacks by Hamas and Islamic Jihad that have targeted civilians, claimed Israeli lives, and terrified children. We also mourn the scores of dead in Gaza, including dozens of children, and we call on Israel’s leaders to remember that their powerful military response can be devastating for families and children there.   
We are also deeply shaken by the many eruptions of street violence in several Israeli cities. Gangs of Palestinian-Israelis and Jewish-Israelis have smashed storefront windows of the Other, attacked citizens on the street, and chanted slogans of hate. We call on Israeli and Palestinian leaders to take decisive action to bring the violence to a halt, and we honor the many civic organizations and leaders that have mobilized to try to quell the violence. 
Finally, we call for an honest reckoning regarding the multiple events that have taken place over the past few weeks that provided so much kindling for the fires that have erupted. The attempt to evict Palestinian families from the East Jerusalem homes they have lived in for generations is unjust and cruel. The attacks on pedestrians — some carried out by Palestinians and some by Jews — have been brutal. The gathering of Jewish extremist marchers in Jerusalem shouting “Death to the Arabs” is appalling. The polarizing and hateful language that has been unleashed on all sides, in all the languages of the region, is the literal embodiment of l’shon hara — the evil tongue. So many lives hang in the balance of what happens next, and we pray for a retreat from the brink of even greater devastation. This horrifying cycle serves only the agendas of extremists, adding new layers of death, destruction, and trauma that fuel future generations of hatred, cynicism, and hopelessness. 

In her poem, The Smoke Has Not Cleared: A Prayer for Peace, Hila Ratzabi cries out to God: 

Lift us up, lay us down, 
Hold us in our grief, 
Quiet the trembling earth, 
Quiet our trembling hearts, 
Make peace for us right now 
Because we can’t  
Do this alone,  
Because parents are grieving 
And the land is ravaged 
And the smoke 
And the smoke has not cleared.  

Rabbi Alanna Sklover writes, “…we are united in knowing that the situation on the ground is not tenable for anyone, and that every single human being — Israeli and Palestinian — deserves to be treated with respect and dignity, and to live without fear.” May we do the work of pursuing peace even when it seems beyond all possibility, and may we draw inspiration from all who struggle for this violence to end, all who labor for a future of mutual respect, justice and peace for Israel and Palestine. 

Public Statements, Israel

A Welcome Israeli Supreme Court Ruling on Non-Orthodox Conversions


Reconstructing Judaism and Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association logos

Reconstructing Judaism and the Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association welcome the recently announced landmark ruling by Israel’s Supreme Court to recognize non-Orthodox conversions carried out in Israel for the purposes of matters relating to eligibility for Israeli citizenship. The historic 8 to 1 court decision represents an important step forward towards the goal of equal recognition for all non-Orthodox movements of Judaism by the Israeli government. We congratulate our courageous friends at the Israel Religious Action Center (IRAC), who led a legal effort spanning 15 years and multiple appeals, culminating in this historic ruling.

Reconstructing Judaism and the Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association join chorus of Jewish voices opposing KKL-JNF plan to purchase West Bank land to expand settlements


Reconstructing Judaism and Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association logos

Reconstructing Judaism and the Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association strongly oppose the plan of Keren Kayemet L’Israel / Jewish National Fund (KKL-JNF) to expand Jewish settlements by purchasing private land in the West Bank. We join our friends and colleagues in the Reform movement, the Masorti (Conservative) movement, Liberal Judaism (UK), the Reform Movement in Israel, the World Union for Progressive Judaism, and many others in the global Jewish community in speaking out against this plan. 

Buying land on behalf of West Bank settlements is dangerous to Israel’s future as a democracy, entrenches the occupation, and adds to the obstacles to securing a lasting and viable peace. We urge the leadership of JNF-KKL to listen to the voices of so many Jews around the world who have spoken out against this plan and reject this destructive proposal. We continue to work, with love and conviction, for a just and peaceful two-state future for Israelis and Palestinians.

In support of Israeli organizations urging their government to provide immediate access to the COVID-19 vaccination in the West Bank and Gaza


Reconstructing Judaism and Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association logos


Nurse holding COVID-19 vaccine
Currently, Israel is vaccinating its citizens, as well as Palestinian residents of East Jerusalem, at a faster pace than other countries. Millions of Israelis have already received injections. In addition, Israel’s government has shared 20,000 doses with the Palestinian Authority for the purpose of vaccinating front-line healthcare workers. But, while vaccinating Jewish settlers in the West Bank, Israel’s government has declined to provide doses to vaccinate the Palestinian general population in the West Bank and Gaza. 

Israeli human rights groups, including Physicians for Human Rights – Israel, Zazim Community Action, the New Israel Fund, Rabbis for Human Rights - Israel, and many others, are advocating that Israel’s government make its vaccine supply available now on an equal basis to all Palestinians living in the occupied territories. 

At this time, as new and more contagious strains of COVID-19 are spreading, Reconstructing Judaism and the Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association join the call of the many Israeli organizations that are urging their leaders to act quickly and cooperatively with the Palestinian Authority to develop a vaccination plan that will meet the urgent public health needs of everyone living in Israel and the Palestinian Territories. Because COVID-19 knows no boundaries, the wellbeing of Palestinians is inextricably connected to that of Israelis. The Israeli organizations advocating that their government change its current policy are brave and determined, and they deserve our support.

Public Statements, Israel

Progressive Israel Network Groups Oppose Codification of IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism, Citing Strong Potential for Misuse


Progressive Israel Network logo


The following statement was issued by the members of the Progressive Israel Network: Ameinu, Americans for Peace Now, Habonim Dror North America, Hashomer Hatzair World Movement, Jewish Labor Committee, J Street, New Israel Fund, Partners for Progressive Israel Reconstructing Judaism and T’ruah.

See the original statement here: https://www.progressiveisraelnetwork.org/progressive-israel-network-groups-oppose-codification-of-ihra-working-definition-of-antisemitism-citing-strong-potential-for-misuse/

As organizations that care deeply about the State of Israel and about the wellbeing of the Jewish people, we are deeply committed to the struggle against antisemitism. We are thus obligated to share our concerns about ways in which the effort to combat antisemitism is being misused and exploited to instead suppress legitimate free speech, criticism of Israeli government actions, and advocacy for Palestinian rights. In particular, the effort to enshrine in domestic law and institutional policy the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) Working Definition of Antisemitism, with its accompanying “contemporary examples,” risks wrongly equating what may be legitimate activities with antisemitism. 

This effort has created opportunities for abuse and politicization by the outgoing Trump administration and others, undermining the moral clarity of the effort to dismantle antisemitism. 

We respect the original creation of the IHRA Working Definition as an illustrative tool and as part of a larger and ongoing conversation about the nature of antisemitism. While we maintain no substantive objection to the core definition itself, our concern with its adoption as a legal tool is with the IHRA definition’s “contemporary examples,” which have been included as integral to the definition. We fear its adoption in law or policy at the state, federal and university level and in corporate governance has the potential to undermine core freedoms, and in some cases already has. For this reason, the Progressive Israel Network opposes the codification in US law or policy of the IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism.

There can be no doubt that some anti-Zionists and critics of Israeli policy can sometimes cross the line into antisemitism — and they must be confronted when they do. Yet, Secretary Pompeo’s State Department’s unambiguous declarations that  “anti-Zionism is anti-Semitism” and that “the Global BDS Campaign [is] a manifestation of anti-Semitism” represent a harmful overreach. This overreach, which is primarily aimed at shielding the present Israeli government and its occupation from all criticism, is made possible by the use of the Working Definition’s “contemporary examples.” The examples regard as antisemitic the claim that “the existence of a State of Israel is a racist endeavor” and the application of “double standards” to Israel “by requiring of it a behavior not expected or demanded of any other democratic nation.” 

We are advocates for a future of equality, dignity and safety for all Israelis and all Palestinians. As such, we insist that activists, academics and all citizens must have the right to express a wide range of political opinions without fear of being suppressed or smeared by the government. This includes critiques of the legitimacy of Israel’s founding or the nature of its laws and system of government, even when we may disagree — sometimes passionately — with those opinions. These debates are critical for democracy and accountability. They belong in the realm of public discourse and must not be banished by anti-democratic laws or penalties. 

We must express our alarm when the U.S. State Department proposes to blacklist non-violent activists and human rights organizations, who are targeted simply because they document abuses or oppose the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territory. Throughout its tenure, the Trump administration has shown a disturbing eagerness to deploy spurious accusations of antisemitism as a cudgel to attack its political opponents. 

Kenneth Stern, the renowned antisemitism expert who drafted the original definition and examples from which the IHRA definition is derived, has written that it was never intended to be used as a sweeping, all-purpose hate speech code and that its use as such by the Trump administration and rightwing Jewish groups “is an attack on academic freedom and free speech.”

The incoming Biden administration rightly makes clear that it intends to make the fight against rising antisemitism a high priority. Now there is an opportunity to change course. We encourage the new administration and the new Congress to pursue a comprehensive strategy that takes on all forms of antisemitism and extremist hate, and which does not ignore the surging danger and violence of the white nationalist, antisemitic far right. In doing so, both the Biden administration and Congress should reject facile, oversimplified doctrines that can easily be abused. They should refrain from legislating bans on constitutionally-protected speech and legitimate activism, which often wrongfully target those who harbor no hatred towards Jews, and which make it more difficult to identify and confront genuine instances of antisemitism. 

Reconstructing Judaism joins Progressive Israel Network in Opposing New Settlement Expansion Moves


Progressive Israel Network logo

In response to a series of actions taken by the Netanyahu-Gantz government in recent weeks, including home demolitions, forced evictions and new settlement approvals in Givat Hamatos and E-1 meant to secure “facts on the ground” and prevent the successful pursuit of a two-state future for Israelis and Palestinians, the Progressive Israel Network issued the following statement.

Jerusalem overlook showing Dome of the Rock and Mount of Olives
We are alarmed by the recent set of moves by the government of Israel to initiate settlement projects and take other provocative and harmful actions in East Jerusalem and the West Bank, including home demolitions and forced evictions, which further damage the possibility of a negotiated future two-state solution. It is clear that the Netanyahu government is trying to exploit the outgoing Trump Administration’s wholehearted embrace of Israel’s settlement enterprise in order to further erase the distinction between Israel and the territory it occupies. The recent announcement of the Israeli government’s approval of tenders for new construction in the planned settlement of Givat Hamatos and statutory approval for the construction of E-1 are particularly harmful. These settlement projects have the strategic objective of cutting off Palestinian neighborhoods in East Jerusalem from the West Bank city of Bethlehem, seriously undermining the prospects of establishing a contiguous Palestinian state alongside Israel. 

This effort to create new “facts on the ground” in the West Bank are meant to salt the earth for future negotiations and could cause serious tensions between Israel and the United States in the early days of a Biden-Harris Administration. This ongoing and illegal process of de facto annexation will only deepen the conflict and push Israelis and Palestinians further towards a permanent and unequal one-state reality.   

After four years of overt encouragement by the Trump Administration of Israel’s expansionist settler movement, the Biden-Harris Administration must do everything it can to reverse these harmful steps, to revive the prospect of a just and durable two-state solution, and realign U.S. foreign policy with the values of human dignity, equality and peace. 

Against Annexation


Progressive Israel Network

Reconstructing Judaism joins other progressive Jewish organizations in support of amendment preventing the use of US funding for annexation

The following joint statement was issued by eight members of the Progressive Israel Network: Ameinu, Americans for Peace Now, Habonim Dror North America, J Street, the New Israel Fund, Partners for Progressive Israel, Reconstructing Judaism, and T’ruah:

As progressive organizations committed to supporting democracy and equality in Israel and a just and peaceful future for Israelis and Palestinians, we have made clear our staunch opposition to any unilateral Israeli annexation of occupied territory in the West Bank. Such a move would violate international law and severely imperil Israel’s future as a secure, democratic homeland for the Jewish people. It would aim to permanently relegate the Palestinians to life in disconnected enclaves without independent statehood or basic civil rights. 

It is because of these concerns that we strongly support Senator Chris Van Hollen’s proposed amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act, which stipulates that US security assistance to Israel cannot be used to implement unilateral annexation in the West Bank. Like the Senator and his colleagues who have co-sponsored this amendment to date, we believe US security assistance to Israel should be used to help Israel meet its legitimate defense needs — not to implement actions that will undermine its own security and democracy, trample on Palestinian rights and harm US interests. 

All those who value human rights and Israeli democracy, support a peaceful resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and want to see an end to decades of occupation should agree that it would be unacceptable for US tax dollars to help foot the bill for an act as extreme and destructive as unilateral annexation. Our organizations thank Senator Van Hollen and his colleagues for their strong leadership and clarity on this issue, and we urge their fellow Members of Congress to join with them in standing up for the democratic values and shared interests that are meant to form the heart of a mutually beneficial US-Israel relationship. 

Support Project Rozana


Reconstructing Judaism and Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association logos

Project Rozana

Reconstructing Judaism and the Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association are encouraging congregations and individuals to support this life-saving fund-raising effort organized by Project Rozana, a well-respected international non-profit organization that is leading a project supported by both Israel and the Palestinian Authority to purchase badly needed ventilators for West Bank and Gaza hospitals in light of the current COVID-19 spike in the region, which threatens to overwhelm Palestinian hospital ICUs. Project Rozana is also arranging specialized training at Rambam Hospital in Haifa for Palestinian medical staff as part of this program.

This initiative is supported by the World Health Organization, and it is one of the rare examples of cooperation between Israel and the Palestinian Authority during this politically strained time. Several synagogues, including Reconstructionist affiliates, are currently participating in different ways.

If your congregation would like to get involved, please write to Ken Bob, Chair, Project Rozana USA at kennethbob@gmail.com.

Individuals can also donate by clicking here. This initiative is a clear expression of the Jewish values of pikuakh nefesh, taking action to save human life, and bakesh shalom v’rodfehu, seeking and pursuing peace.

Project Rozana was created to build bridges to better understanding between Israelis and Palestinians through health.

Public Statements, Tikkun Olam

Over 600 Jewish Clergy Call on the Israeli Government to Abandon Plans for Annexing the West Bank


Progressive Israel Network


More than 600 rabbis, cantors and seminary students from across the country — including many Reconstructionist rabbis and rabbinic students — have signed on to a public letter warning that the Israeli government’s threatened unilateral annexation in the West Bank “would be a catastrophic mistake…violate human rights, weaken democracy, and make Israelis and Palestinians less secure.”

The letter, signed by clergy representing the entire range of the Jewish community, including the Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, Reconstructionist and Renewal movements, is just the latest demonstration of the American Jewish community’s overwhelming opposition to Prime Minister Netanyahu’s West Bank annexation plan, which could move forward as early as July 1. It was organized by the Progressive Israel Network, a coalition of ten progressive pro-Israel groups that includes Reconstructing Judaism. 

“[Annexation] gambles with long-established peace agreements in exchange for enacting a messianist and ultra-nationalist fantasy that violates Jewish values of dignity for every human being, legal equality for all people, and the commitment to pursuing peace,” the clergy members write. “Such a move will also drive more and more young people in Jewish communities away from Israel, as the most visible expressions of Zionism become ever more divorced from the principles of democracy and neighborliness expressed in Israel’s Declaration of Independence.”

The letter builds on the nearly across-the-board public opposition to annexation from major Jewish organizations including the Anti-Defamation League, the National Council of Jewish Women, Reconstructing Judaism, the Union for Reform Judaism, the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism and many others. A regularly updated list of communal statements on annexation, maintained by J Street, can be found here.

Jewish student activists are also joining this chorus. A newly-released letter encouraging the entire Jewish community to oppose annexation, organized by J Street U, has been signed by over 225 Jewish campus leaders — including many leaders of local Hillels. The writers observe that “as Hillel presidents and board members, leaders of pro-Israel groups, minyan leaders, and others who are devoted to Jewish life on campus and beyond, our Jewish values and our commitment to Israel’s future compel us to speak out.”

“The fact that such a wide range of Jewish clergy, communal organizations and campus leaders are speaking out in unified opposition to annexation shows just how dangerous and extreme Netanyahu’s plan is,” said Shaina Wasserman, National Director of Rabbinic and Community Engagement at J Street. “While doing tremendous damage to the future of Israel and the rights of Palestinians, annexation would seriously harm the relationship between Israel and American Jews.”

The text and signatories of the clergy letter follow:



Dear Friends,

As rabbis, cantors, and seminary students who deeply love Israel and care about its future, we urge all members of the Jewish community to call on the Israeli government to abandon plans for annexing all or part of the West Bank as early as this summer.

We hold fast to the vision, laid out in the state’s Declaration of Independence, that Israel will be “based on freedom, justice and peace as envisaged by the prophets of Israel; it will ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex.” Annexing all or part of the West Bank would mean turning Palestinians living there into non-citizen residents of Israel, without the legal rights or voting rights of citizens.

This would be a catastrophic mistake. Unilateral annexation by Israel would:

  • Demonstrate that Israel’s current government no longer seeks a two-state solution. Annexation would leave a series of disconnected Palestinian enclaves without real independence, freedom of movement, or civil rights. It would leave Palestinians without hope of genuine statehood and self-determination.
  • Place Israel in flagrant violation of international laws and undermine Israel’s status as a democracy, with the Palestinians under annexation becoming permanent second-class inhabitants living under a different system of rights and laws than the Jewish Israelis who will enjoy the rights of full citizenship.
  • Likely lead to an end of Palestinian Authority security cooperation with Israel.
  • Further isolate Israel in the world and strengthen Israeli and Palestinian extremists.
  • Endanger Israel’s enduring peace agreements with Jordan and Egypt.
  • Profoundly weaken the bi-partisan consensus of support that Israel has enjoyed in the US for decades.

Unilateral annexation violates human rights, weakens democracy, and makes Israelis and Palestinians less secure. It gambles with long-established peace agreements in exchange for enacting a messianist and ultra-nationalist fantasy that violates Jewish values of dignity for every human being, legal equality for all people, and the commitment to pursuing peace. Such a move will also drive more and more young people in Jewish communities away from Israel, as the most visible expressions of Zionism become ever more divorced from the principles of democracy and neighborliness expressed in Israel’s Declaration of Independence.

We urge all who care about the future of Israel as a democratic state, the human rights of Israelis and Palestinians, and the safety and security of all people in the region, to lift up their voices now in opposition to unilateral annexation, and in support of the pursuit of a negotiated two-state solution that respects the legitimate national rights and aspirations of both peoples.

In hope,

  • Rabbi Joshua Aaronson – Woodland Hills, CA
  • Rabbi Eric Abbott – Washington, DC
  • Rabbi Susan Abramson – Burlington, MA
  • Rabbi Ruth Abusch-Magder – Atlanta, GA
  • Rabbinical Student Elana Ackerman Hirsch – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Ruth Adar – San Leandro, CA
  • Rabbi David Adelson – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbinical Student Jonathon Adler – New York, NY
  • Cantor Joanna Alexander – Omaha, NE
  • Cantor Sheri Allen – Fort Worth, TX
  • Rabbi Doug Alpert – Kansas City, MO
  • Rabbi Renni Altman – Poughkeepsie, NY
  • Rabbinical Student George Altshuler – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Julia Andelman – Teaneck, NJ
  • Rabbinical Student Mady Anderson – Cincinnati, OH
  • Cantor Dana Anesi – White Plains, NY
  • Rabbi John Antignas – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbinical Student Emily Aronson – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Toba August – Redondo Beach, CA
  • Rabbi Tsurah August – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Guy Austrian – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Susan Averbach – San Francisco, CA
  • Rabbi Ilana Axel – Buffalo Grove, IL
  • Rabbi Aryeh Azriel – Omaha, NE
  • Rabbi Chava Bahle – Suttons Bay, MI
  • Rabbi Ruth Baidatz – yavneel, IL-Z
  • Rabbi Ethan Bair – Surfside, FL
  • Rabbi Justus Baird – Princeton, NJ
  • Rabbi Benjamin Barnett – Portland, OR
  • Rabbi Lewis Barth – Encino, CA
  • Rabbi Eliot Baskin – Greenwood Village, CO
  • Rabbi Haim Beliak – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Lisa Bellows – Glenview, IL
  • Rabbi Marci Bellows – Chester, CT
  • Rabbi Olivier BenHaim – Seattle, WA
  • Cantor Yitzhak Ben-Moshe – Austin, TX
  • Rabbi Allen Bennett – San Francisco, CA
  • Rabbi James Bennett – Saint Louis, MO
  • Rabbinical Student Rebecca Benoff – Newtown, PA
  • Rabbinical Student Julia Berg – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Zvi Berger – Hannaton, Israel
  • Rabbi Jonathan Berger – Beachwood, OH
  • Rabbi Marc Berkson – Milwaukee, WI
  • Rabbi Donald Berlin – Bethesda, MD
  • Rabbi Marjorie Berman – Clarks Summit, PA
  • Rabbi Howard Berman – Coral Gables, FL
  • Rabbi Phyllis Berman – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Edward Bernstein – Boynton Beach, FL
  • Rabbi Aryeh Bernstein – Chicago, IL
  • Rabbi Cecelia Beyer – Springfield, NJ
  • Rabbi Jonathan Biatch – Madison, WI
  • Rabbi Binyamin Biber – Silver Spring, MD
  • Rabbi Barry Block – Little Rock, AR
  • Rabbi Rena Blumenthal – New Paltz, NY
  • Rabbi Shalom Bochner – Modesto, CA
  • Rabbi Daniel Bogard – Saint Louis, MO
  • Rabbi Michael R. Boino – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Stephen Booth-Nadav – Denver, CO
  • Rabbi Mark Borovitz – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Anna Boswell-Levy – Yardley, PA
  • Rabbi Bradd Boxman – Parkland, FL
  • Rabbinical Student Sarah Brammer-Shlay – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Sara Brandes – Hannaton, Israel
  • Rabbinical Student Stephanie Breitsman – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Cari Bricklin-Small – Arlington, MA
  • Rabbi Daniel Bridge – Seattle, WA
  • Rabbi Herbert Brockman – Hamden, CT
  • Cantor Vera Broekhuysen – North Andover, MA
  • Rabbi Daniel Bronstein – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Deborah Bronstein – Boulder, CO
  • Rabbi Sharon Brous – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbinical Student Michaela Brown – Jamaica Plain, MA
  • Rabbi Joshua Brumbach – Oak Park, CA
  • Rabbi Gustav Buchdahl – Pikesville, MD
  • Rabbi David Burstein – Cincinnati, OH
  • Rabbi Meredith Cahn – Petaluma, CA
  • Rabbi Nadav Caine – Ann Arbor, MI
  • Rabbinical Student Anna Calamaro – West Hollywood, CA
  • Rabbi Debra Cantor – Bloomfield, CT
  • Rabbinical Student Emmanuel Cantor – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Faith Cantor – Baltimore, MD
  • Rabbinical Student Melissa Carp – Gloucester, MA
  • Rabbi Kenneth Carr – South Easton, MA
  • Rabbinical Student Donna Cephas – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Max Chaiken – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Adam Chalom – Highland Park, IL
  • Rabbinical Student David Chapman – Port Washington, NY
  • Rabbi Joshua Chasan – Portland, ME
  • Rabbi Ken Chasen – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Ian Chesir-Teran – Kibbutz Hannaton, Israel
  • Rabbinical Student Rebecca Chess – Winnipeg, MB
  • Rabbi Steven Chester – Oakland, CA
  • Rabbi Stephen Julius Chicurel-Stein – Oviedo, FL
  • Rabbi Carl Choper – Harrisburg, PA
  • Rabbi Daniel Chorny – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Eric Cohen – Lambertville, NJ
  • Rabbi Howard Cohen – Bennington, VT
  • Rabbi Ayelet Cohen – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Tamara Cohen – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Emily Cohen – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Sarah Cohen – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Michael Cohen – Manchestr Ctr, VT
  • Rabbinical Student Eva Cohen – Minneapolis, MN
  • Rabbi Michael Tevya Cohen – Dallas, TX
  • Cantor Gerald Cohen – Scarsdale, NY
  • Rabbi Hillel Cohn – San Bernardino, CA
  • Rabbi Neil Comess-daniels – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Mike Comins – Plano, TX
  • Rabbi Julian Cook – Denver, CO
  • Rabbi David Cooper – Berkeley, CA
  • Rabbi Fredi Cooper – Wyndmoor, PA
  • Rabbi Mychal Copeland – Mountain View, CA
  • Rabbi Meryl Crean – Upper Gwynedd, PA
  • Rabbi David Curiel – Somerville, MA
  • Rabbi Lindsey Danziger – Cincinnati, OH
  • Rabbi Michelle Dardashti – Providence, RI
  • Rabbi Jo David – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Stanley Davids – Santa Monica, CA
  • Rabbi Beth D. Davidson – Manchester, NH
  • Rabbinical Student Rachel Davidson – PHILADELPHIA, PA
  • Rabbi Mona Decker – Jacksonville, FL
  • Rabbi Nate DeGroot – Detroit, MI
  • Rabbinical Student Jessica Dell’Era – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Geoffrey Dennis – Flower Mound, TX
  • Rabbi Lavey Derby – Millbrae, CA
  • Rabbi Robert Dobrusin – Ann Arbor, MI
  • Rabbi Megan Doherty – Oberlin, OH
  • Rabbi Boris Dolin – Cote Saint Luc, QC
  • Rabbi Jessy Dressin – Baltimore, MD
  • Rabbi Ellen Dreyfus – Homewood, IL
  • Rabbi George Driesen – Bethesda, MD
  • Rabbi Malka Drucker – Idyllwild, CA
  • Rabbi Andy Dubin – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Laura Duhan-Kaplan – Vancouver, BC
  • Rabbi Marc Dworkin – Long Beach, CA
  • Rabbi David Eber – Chicago, IL
  • Rabbi Judith Edelstein – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Denise Eger – West Hollywood, CA
  • Rabbi Amy Eilberg – Los Altos, CA
  • Rabbi Stephen J. Einstein – Fountain Valley, CA
  • Rabbi Marc Ekstrand – New London, CT
  • Rabbi Barat Ellman – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Anthony Elman – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Daniel Epstein – Baltimore, MD
  • Rabbi Lewis Eron – Cherry Hill, NJ
  • Rabbi Andrew Ettin – Pfafftown, NC
  • Rabbi Helaine Ettinger – Millburn, NJ
  • Rabbi Susan Falk – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Joan Farber – Tarrytown, NY
  • Rabbi Rabbi Michael Feinberg – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Nora Feinstein – Princeton, NJ
  • Cantor Devorah Felder-Levy – Los Gatos, CA
  • Rabbi Theodore Feldman – Petaluma, CA
  • Rabbi Jen Feldman – Chapel Hill, NC
  • Rabbi Zev-Hayyim Feyer – Pomona, CA
  • Rabbi Brian Field – Denver, CO
  • Rabbi Avi Fine – Bellevue, WA
  • Rabbi Brian Fink – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Tirzah Firestone – Boulder, CO
  • Rabbi Adam Fisher – Port Jefferson Station, NY
  • Rabbi Alan Flam – Barrington, RI
  • Rabbinical Student Eugene Fleischman sotirescu – Ardmore, PA
  • Rabbi Arthur Flicker – Albuquerque, NM
  • Rabbinical Student Benjy Forester – Madison, WI
  • Rabbi Jeff Foust – Newton, MA
  • Rabbi Cherie Fox – Newton, MA
  • Rabbi Zach Fredman – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Allen I. Freehling – New Orleans, LA
  • Rabbi Lee Friedlander – Roslyn Heights, NY
  • Rabbi Suri Friedman – Seattle, WA
  • Rabbi John Friedman – Durham, NC
  • Rabbi Dayle Friedman – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Stacy Friedman – San Rafael, CA
  • Rabbi Joan Friedman – Wooster, OH
  • Rabbi Pam Frydman – San Francisco, CA
  • Rabbi Serena Fujita – Somerville, MA
  • Rabbi Ruth Gais – Summit, NJ
  • Rabbi Daniel Geffen – Sag Harbor, NY
  • Rabbi Laura Geller – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Stuart Gershon – Charlotte, NC
  • Rabbinical Student Adam Gillman – Bellevue, WA
  • Rabbinical Student Josh Gischner – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Jason Gitlin – Brooklyn, NY
  • Cantor Tobias Glaser – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Carol Glass – Newton Center, MA
  • Rabbi Miriyam Glazer – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Chana Leslie Glazer – Lewisburg, PA
  • Rabbi Gary Glickstein – Miami, FL
  • Rabbi Rosalind Gold – Reston, VA
  • Rabbi Susan Goldberg – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Edwin Goldberg – Spring, TX
  • Rabbi Elisa Goldberg – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Dan Goldblatt – Danville, CA
  • Rabbi Rachel Goldenberg – Jackson Heights, NY
  • Rabbi Eva Goldfinger – Toronto, ON
  • Rabbi Shelley Goldman – Indianapolis, IN
  • Rabbi Howard Goldsmith – New Rochelle, NY
  • Rabbi Elizabeth Goldstein – Vienna, VA
  • Rabbi Seth Goldstein – Olympia, WA
  • Rabbi Lisa Goldstein – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Debra Goldstein – Natick, MA
  • Rabbi Andrea Goldstein – Saint Louis, MO
  • Cantorial Student Jordan Goldstein – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Jeffrey Goldwasser – East Greenwich, RI
  • Rabbi David N. Goodman – Elkins Park, PA
  • Rabbi Yosi Gordon – Saint Paul, MN
  • Rabbi Danny Gottlieb – San Francisco, CA
  • Rabbi Roberto Graetz – Pleasant Hill, CA
  • Rabbi Arthur Green – Newton Center, MA
  • Rabbi Laurie Green – Baltimore, MD
  • Rabbi Fred Greene – Boulder, CO
  • Rabbinical Student Maor Greene – New York, NY
  • Rabbi David Greenstein – Montclair, NJ
  • Rabbi Reuven Greenvald – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Nicki Greninger – Walnut Creek, CA
  • Rabbi Suzanne Griffel – Chicago, IL
  • Rabbi Nadya Gross – Erie, CO
  • Rabbi Susan Grossman – Columbia, MD
  • Rabbi Rayna Grossman – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Marc Gruber – Rockville Centre, NY
  • Rabbi Steve Gutow – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Thalia Halpert Rodis – Cleveland, OH
  • Rabbinical Student Alex Hamilton – Oklahoma City, OK
  • Rabbi Joseph Hample – Morgantown, WV
  • Rabbi Laura Harari – Laguna Woods, CA
  • Rabbi Maurice Harris – Glenside, PA
  • Rabbi Steve Hart – Buffalo Grove, IL
  • Rabbi Jill Hausman – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Abraham Havivi – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Lindsey Healey-Pollack – Englewood, NJ
  • Rabbi Yocheved Heiligman – Columbia, MD
  • Rabbi Lauren Henderson – Chicago, IL
  • Rabbi Alan Henkin – Palmdale, CA
  • Cantor George Henschel – Baltimore, MD
  • Rabbi Rabbi Eli Herb – Salem, OR
  • Rabbi Floyd Herman – Towson, MD
  • Rabbi Hayim Herring – Minneapolis, MN
  • Rabbi Gregory Hersh – Cambridge, MA
  • Rabbi Cantor Rachel Hersh – Bethesda, MD
  • Rabbinical Student Mikey Hess webber – Baltimore, MD
  • Rabbi Jay Heyman – Boise, ID
  • Rabbi Moshe Heyn – Pacifica, CA
  • Rabbinical Student Miriam Hoffman – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbinical Student Solomon Hoffman – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Elliot Holin – Dresher, PA
  • Rabbi Jason Holtz – Roswell, GA
  • Cantorial Student Emily Hoolihan – New York, NY
  • Rabbinical Student Rebecca Hornstein – Philadelphia, PA
  • Cantor Sandy Horowitz – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Jocee Hudson – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbinical Student Margo Hughes-Robinson – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Mark Hurvitz – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Yitzhak Husbands-Hankin – Eugene, OR
  • Rabbi Miriam Hyman – Poughkeepsie, NY
  • Rabbi Me’irah Susan Iliinsky – San Francisco, CA
  • Rabbi Brian Immerman – Hamden, CT
  • Rabbi Rachel Isaacs – Waterville, ME
  • Rabbi Shaya Isenberg – Gainesville, FL
  • Rabbinical Student Jessica Jacobs – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Jill Jacobs – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Steven Jacobs – Alameda, CA
  • Rabbi Devorah Jacobson – Hadley, MA
  • Rabbi Joshua Jacobs-Velde – Laurel, MD
  • Rabbi Daria Jacobs-Velde – Silver Spring, MD
  • Rabbi Jennifer Jaech – Peekskill, NY
  • Rabbi David Jaffe – Sharon, MA
  • Rabbi Cantor Ellen Jaffe-Gill – Virginia Beach, VA
  • Rabbi Marisa James – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Beth Janus – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Amita Jarmon – Jerualem,
  • Rabbinical Student Leah Julian – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Raachel Jurovics – Raleigh, NC
  • Rabbi Randy Kafka – Stoughton, MA
  • Rabbi Rachel Kahn-Troster – Teaneck, NJ
  • Rabbi Ari Kaiman – Atlanta, GA
  • Rabbi Raphael Kanter – New Bedford, MA
  • Rabbinical Student Samuel Kanter – Loveland, OH
  • Rabbinical Student Talia Kaplan – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Emily Aviva Kapor-Mater – Seattle, WA
  • Rabbi Molly Karp – New City, NY
  • Rabbinical Student Jan Katz – Pittsford, NY
  • Rabbi Aurora Katz – Baltimore, MD
  • Rabbi Alan Katz – Pittsford, NY
  • Rabbi Rabbi Jim Kaufman – North Hollywood, CA
  • Rabbi Stuart Kelman – Berkeley, CA
  • Rabbi Allan Kensky – Evanston, IL
  • Cantor Evan Kent – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Ralph Kingsley – Aventura, FL
  • Rabbi Paul Kipnes – Calabasas, CA
  • Rabbi Emma Kippley-Ogman – Saint Paul, MN
  • Rabbi Daniel Kirzane – Oak Park, IL
  • Rabbi David Klatzker – Long Beach, CA
  • Rabbi Daniel Klein – Newton Center, MA
  • Rabbi Joe Klein – Rochester, MI
  • Rabbi Jason Klein – Minneapolis, MN
  • Rabbi Lori Klein – Capitola, CA
  • Rabbi Sharon Kleinbaum – New York, NY
  • Rabbi David L Kline – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Tracy Klirs – Charlotte, NC
  • Rabbi Michael Knopf – Richmond, VA
  • Cantorial Student Frank Kohn – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Aaron Koplin – Sarasota, FL
  • Rabbi Rachel Kort – Seattle, WA
  • Rabbi Michael Kramer – Hockessin, DE
  • Rabbi Douglas Krantz – Townsend, DE
  • Rabbinical Student Shirah Kraus – Cincinnati, OH
  • Rabbi Harold Kravitz – Hopkins, MN
  • Rabbi Yaacov Kravitz – Elkins Park, PA
  • Rabbi Claudia Kreiman – Brookline, MA
  • Rabbi Nancy Kreimer – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Alex Kress – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Jeremy Kridel – Ellicott City, MD
  • Rabbi Charles A. Kroloff – Westfield, NJ
  • Rabbi Jonathan Kupetz – Claremont, CA
  • Rabbi Noa Kushner – San Francisco, CA
  • Rabbi Karen Landy – Brookline, MA
  • Rabbinical Student Armin Langer – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Rachmiel Langer – Littleton, MA
  • Rabbi Gilah Langner – Washington, DC
  • Rabbi Alan LaPayover – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbinical Student Talia Laster – Cambridge, MA
  • Rabbi Amichai Lau-Lavie – NY, NY
  • Rabbi Adam Lautman – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Anson Laytner – Seattle, WA
  • Rabbi David Lazar – Palm Springs, CA
  • Rabbi James Lebeau – Jerusalem, IL-JM
  • Rabbi Esther Lederman – Arlington, VA
  • Rabbi Allan Lehmann – Newton, MA
  • Rabbi Susan Leider – Tiburon, CA
  • Cantor Allen Leider – Falls Church, VA
  • Rabbi Darby Leigh – Concord, MA
  • Rabbi David Leipziger Teva – East Hampton, CT
  • Rabbi Michael Lerner – Berkeley, CA
  • Rabbi Joshua Lesser – Atlanta, GA
  • Rabbinical Student Aaron Leven – Canoga Park, CA
  • Rabbi Amy Levin – Hanaton,
  • Rabbi David Levin – Wynnewood, PA
  • Rabbi Moshe Levin – San Francisco, CA
  • Rabbi Sheldon Lewis – Palo Alto, CA
  • Rabbi Annie Lewis – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Adina Lewittes – Closter, NJ
  • Rabbi Theodore Lichtenfeld – Orangeburg, NY
  • Rabbi Mordechai Liebling – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Miriam Liebman – Washington, DC
  • Rabbi Rebecca Lillian – Chicago, IL
  • Rabbi Serge Lippe – Brooklyn, NY
  • Cantor Erica Lippitz – South Orange, NJ
  • Rabbi Ellen Lippmann – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbinical Student Allen Lipson – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Janet Liss – Glen Cove, NY
  • Rabbi Joshua Lobel – Palm Harbor, FL
  • Rabbi David Locketz – Minnetonka, MN
  • Rabbi Andrea London – Evanston, IL
  • Rabbinical Student Leora Londy-Barash – Milwaukee, WI
  • Rabbinical Student Sienna Lotenberg – Arlington, VA
  • Rabbi Amanda Lurer – New Bern, NC
  • Rabbi Brian Lurie – Ross, CA
  • Cantor Abbe Lyons – Ithaca, NY
  • Rabbi Dana Magat – San Jose, CA
  • Rabbi Harry Manhoff – Berkeley, CA
  • Rabbi Bryan Mann – Tampa, FL
  • Rabbinical Student Aviva Marchione – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Marc Margolius – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Jeffrey Marker – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Jose Rolando Matalon – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Oded Mazor – Jerusalem, IL-JM
  • Rabbi Richard Meirowitz – Peabody, MA
  • Rabbi Jessica Kate Meyer – San Francisco, CA
  • Rabbi Sarah Meytin – Silver Spring, MD
  • Rabbi Jeremy Milgrom – Re’ut, IL-JM
  • Rabbi Diana Miller – Lambertville, NJ
  • Rabbi Michelle Missaghieh – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Katie Mizrahi – San Francisco, CA
  • Rabbi Jack Moline – Alexandria, VA
  • Rabbi Adam Morris – Denver, CO
  • Rabbi Steven Moskowitz – Oyster Bay, NY
  • Rabbi Danny Moss – Westport, CT
  • Rabbi Susan Moss – Norwalk, CT
  • Rabbi Robin Nafshi – Concord, NH
  • Rabbi Tracy Nathan – Saint Louis, MO
  • Rabbi Brian Nelson – Raleigh, NC
  • Rabbi Haviva Ner-david – Hannaton, Israel
  • Rabbi Rachel Nussbaum – Seattle, WA
  • Rabbinical Student Andrew Oberstein – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Vanessa Ochs – Charlottesville, VA
  • Cantor Barbara Ostfeld – Buffalo, NY
  • Rabbi Laura Owens – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Malka Packer-Monroe – Atlanta, GA
  • Rabbi Danielle Parmenter – Gwynedd Valley, PA
  • Rabbi Salem Pearce – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Allison Peiser – Marblehead, MA
  • Rabbi Ephraim Pelcovits – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Hava Pell – Lemoyne, PA
  • Rabbi Barbara Penzner – West Roxbury, MA
  • Cantor Hasha Perman – Skokie, IL
  • Rabbi Joel Pitkowsky – Teaneck, NJ
  • Rabbi William Plevan – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Daniel Plotkin – Pikesville, MD
  • Rabbi Robin Podolsky – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Ariel Pollak – Tel Aviv, IL-TA
  • Rabbi Philip Posner – Santa Cruz, CA
  • Rabbi Amber Powers – Abington, PA
  • Rabbi Sally Priesand – Asbury Park, NJ
  • Rabbi Jonathan Prosnit – Redwood City, CA
  • Rabbi James Prosnit – Fairfield, CT
  • Rabbi Charles P Rabinowitz – Larchmont, NY
  • Rabbi Arnold Rachlis – Irvine, CA
  • Rabbi Frederick Reeves – Chicago, IL
  • Rabbi Victor Reinstein – Jamaica Plain, MA
  • Rabbi Rebecca Richman – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Dorothy Richman – Albany, CA
  • Rabbi Stephen Roberts – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Yair Robinson – Wilmington, DE
  • Cantor Rebekah Robinson – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Jason Rodich – San Francisco, CA
  • Cantor Jessi Roemer – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbinical Student Kayley Romick – Bellmore, NY
  • Rabbi Joshua Rose – Portland, OR
  • Rabbi Kliel Rose – Winnipeg, Canada
  • Rabbi Aaron Rosenberg – Waterford, CT
  • Rabbi James Rosenberg – Providence, RI
  • Cantor Dara Rosenblatt – Richmond, VA
  • Rabbi Seymour Rosenbloom – Elkins Park, PA
  • Rabbi Jennie Rosenn – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Eric Rosenstein – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Ken Rosenstein – Brighton, MA
  • Rabbi John Rosove – Sherman Oaks, CA
  • Rabbi Michael Ross – Beachwood, OH
  • Rabbi Francine Roston – Whitefish, MT
  • Rabbi Harry Roth – West Hollywood, CA
  • Rabbi Michael Rothbaum – Acton, MA
  • Rabbinical Student Sivan Rotholz – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Robert Rottenberg – Arcata, CA
  • Rabbi Judi Rowland – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Ruhi Rubenstein – Eugene, OR
  • Rabbinical Student Mallory Rubin – Cambridge, MA
  • Rabbi Robert Rubin – Brick, NJ
  • Rabbi Ralph Ruebner – Skokie, IL
  • Rabbi Laura Rumpf – Oakland, CA
  • Rabbi Danya Ruttenberg – Evanston, IL
  • Rabbi Andrew Sacks – jerusalem, IL-JM
  • Rabbi Michael Safra – Rockville, MD
  • Rabbi Elisheva Salamo – San Francisco, CA
  • Rabbinical Student Frankie Salzman – Las Vegas, NV
  • Rabbi Joanna Samuels – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Regina Sandler-Phillipa – New York, NY
  • Maharat Mei Mei Miriyam Sanford – West Point, VA
  • Rabbi Elli Sarah – Brighton and Hove,
  • Rabbi Michael Satz – Morristown, NJ
  • Rabbi Daniel Schaefer – Brookline, MA
  • Rabbinical Student Eliza Scheffler – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Jeffrey Schein – Minneapolis, MN
  • Rabbi Laurence Scheindlin – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Fred Scherlinder Dobb – Washington, DC
  • Cantor Robert Scherr – Alexandria, VA
  • Rabbi Simone Schicke – Kalamazoo, MI
  • Rabbi Howie Schneider – Aptos, CA
  • Rabbi Sunny Schnitzer – Bethesda, MD
  • Rabbi Rachel Schoenfeld – Collingswood, NJ
  • Rabbi Leonard Schoolman – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Jeremy Schwartz – Willimantic, CT
  • Rabbi PJ Schwartz – San Jose, CA
  • Rabbi Sid Schwarz – Rockville, MD
  • Rabbi Allen Secher – Whitefish, MT
  • Rabbi Steve Segar – Shaker Heights, OH
  • Rabbi David Seidenberg – Northampton, MA
  • Rabbi Chaim Seidler-Feller – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Mayer Selekman – Bala Cynwyd, PA
  • Cantor David Serkin-Poole – Seattle, WA
  • Rabbi Isaac Serotta – Highland Park, IL
  • Rabbi Gerald Serotta – Chevy Chase, MD
  • Rabbi Scott Shafrin – Saint Louis, MO
  • Rabbi Joel Shaiman – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Susan Shamash – Vancouver, BC
  • Rabbi Judy Shanks – Oakland, CA
  • Rabbi Dina Shargel – White Plains, NY
  • Rabbi Randy Sheinberg – New Hyde Park, NY
  • Rabbi Evan Sheinhait – Waltham, MA
  • Rabbi Jeremy Sher – Oakland, CA
  • Rabbi David Shneyer – Rockville, MD
  • Rabbi Andy Shugerman – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Alexandria Shuval-Weiner – Roswell, GA
  • Rabbi Burt Siegel – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Becky Silverstein – Jamaica Plain, MA
  • Rabbi Mia Simring – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Suzanne Singer – Riverside, CA
  • Rabbi Jacob Singer-Beilin – Washington, DC
  • Rabbi Andrew Sklarz – Parsippany, NJ
  • Rabbi Jonathan Slater – Hastings on Hudson, NY
  • Rabbi Amy Small – Burlington, VT
  • Rabbinical Student Jeanne Snodgrass – Columbia, MO
  • Rabbi Matthew Soffer – Durham, NC
  • Rabbi Joel soffin – New York, NY
  • Cantor Sabrina Sojourner – Rockville, MD
  • Rabbi Felicia Sol – New York, NY
  • Rabbinical Student Lily Solochek – Rockland, ME
  • Rabbi Eric Solomon – Raleigh, NC
  • Rabbi Scott Sperling – Winchester, VA
  • Rabbi David Sperling – Peekskill, NY
  • Rabbi Reena Spicehandler – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Adam Stock Spilker – Saint Paul, MN
  • Rabbi Hannah Spiro – Washington, DC
  • Rabbi Toba Spitzer – Waltham, MA
  • Cantor Deborah Staiman – Toronto, ON
  • Rabbi Joshua Stanton – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Erica Steelman – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Abby Stein – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Chasya Uriel Steinbauer – Kibbutz Hannaton, Israel
  • Rabbi David Steinberg – Duluth, MN
  • Rabbi Richard Steinbrink – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Lane Steinger – Saint Louis, MO
  • Rabbi George Stern – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Keith Stern – Newton, MA
  • Rabbi Elisabeth Stern – Newton, MA
  • Rabbi Ron Stern – Los Angeles, CA
  • Rabbi Leah Sternberg – Jersey city, NJ
  • Rabbi Sharon Stiefel – Saint Paul, MN
  • Rabbi Michael Strassfeld – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Simon Stratford – Cincinnati, OH
  • Rabbi Andrew Straus – Oakland, CA
  • Rabbi Joshua Strom – Chappaqua, NY
  • Rabbi Yaffa Shira Sultan – Silver Spring, MD
  • Rabbi Schein Susan – New London, CT
  • Rabbi Alana Suskin – Rockville, MD
  • Rabbi Daniel Swartz – Clarks Summit, PA
  • Rabbi Lauren Tuchman – Bethesda, MD
  • Rabbi Robert Tabak – Elkins Park, PA
  • Rabbi Susan Talve – Saint Louis, MO
  • Rabbi Ariel Tarash – Philadelphia, PA
  • Cantor Elliot Taubman – Block Island, RI
  • Rabbi Jay TelRav – Stamford, CT
  • Rabbi Bill Tepper – TORONTO, ON
  • Rabbi Elliott Tepperman – Montclair, NJ
  • Rabbi David Teutsch – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbinical Student Samantha Thal – Saint Louis, MO
  • Rabbi Diane Tracht – Louisville, KY
  • Rabbi Gordon Tucker – White Plains, NY
  • Rabbi David Vaisberg – Maplewood, NJ
  • Rabbinical Student Katja Vehlow – New York, NY
  • Rabbinical Student Samuel Vingron – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Burton Visotzky – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Andrew Vogel – Newton Center, MA
  • Cantor Eliot Vogel – Narberth, PA
  • Rabbinical Student Emily Volz – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Howard Voss-Altman – Providence, RI
  • Rabbi Ariel Walsh – Baltimore, MD
  • Rabbi Nahum Ward-Lev – Santa Fe, NM
  • Rabbi Julia Watts Belser – Gaithersburg, MD
  • Rabbi Deborah Waxman – Wyncote, PA
  • Rabbinical Student Abigail Weber – Princeton, NJ
  • Rabbi Nancy Wechsler – Carmichael, CA
  • Rabbi Elyse Wechterman – Wyncote, PA
  • Rabbi Gerald Weider – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Weinberg – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Sheila Weinberg – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Martin Weiner – San Francisco, CA
  • Rabbi Nathan Weiner – Marlton, NJ
  • Rabbi Tom Weiner – White Plains, NY
  • Rabbi Cheryl Weiner – Hollywood, FL
  • Rabbi Daniel Weiner – Bellevue, WA
  • Rabbi Marley Weiner – Carlisle, PA
  • Rabbi Aaron Weininger – Minnetonka, MN
  • Rabbi Samuel Weintraub – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Simkha Weintraubb – Brooklyn, NY
  • Rabbi Josh Weisman – Seattle, WA
  • Rabbi Stephen Weisman – Bowie, MD
  • Rabbi Ora Weiss – Newton Center, MA
  • Rabbi Zari Weiss – Seattle, WA
  • Rabbi Lew Weiss – Indianapolis, IN
  • Rabbi Micah Weiss – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Rachel Weiss – Evanston, IL
  • Rabbi Sarah Weissman – Redwood City, CA
  • Rabbi Alex Weissman – Providence, RI
  • Rabbi Ariann Weitzman – West Orange, NJ
  • Rabbi Josh Whinston – Ann Arbor, MI
  • Rabbi George Wielechowski – Cardiff by the Sea New, CA
  • Rabbi Nancy Wiener – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Aryeh Wineman – Northampton, MA
  • Rabbi David Winship – Canton, MA
  • Rabbi Joysa Winter – Broomall, PA
  • Rabbi David Wirtschafter – Lexington, KY
  • Rabbi Ari Witkin – Huntington Woods, MI
  • Rabbi Jonathan Wittenberg – London, UK
  • Rabbi Joseph Wolf – Portland, OR
  • Cantor Josee Wolff – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Peretz Wolf-Prusan – Berkeley, CA
  • Rabbi Michal Woll – Milwaukee, WI
  • Rabbi Eric Woodward – Blue Bell, PA
  • Cantor Cheryl Wunch – Toronto, ON
  • Rabbi Moshe Yehudai – Raanana,
  • Rabbi David N. Young – Irvine, CA
  • Rabbi Sara Zacharia – New York, NY
  • Rabbinical Student Naomi Zaslow – New York, NY
  • Rabbi Daniel Zemel – Washington, DC
  • Rabbi Lina Zerbarini – Cold Spring Harbor, NY
  • Rabbi Shawn Zevit – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Jonathan Zimet – Philadelphia, PA
  • Rabbi Michael Zimmerman – Williamston, MI
  • Rabbi Henry Zoob – Westwood, MA
  • Cantor Michael Zoosman – College Park, MD
Public Statements, Israel

Ten American Jewish Organizations Send Letter to Gantz, Ashkenazi Opposing Annexation


Progressive Israel Network


Reconstructing Judaism was among the members of the Progressive Israel Network who penned the following letter to Alternate Prime Minister Benny Gantz and Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi opposing annexation:

As leaders of American Jewish organizations committed both to the security of the State of Israel and to safeguarding its future as a democracy, we urge you to consider the costs of any unilateral annexations in the West Bank and do everything in your power as a minister in this government to thwart it.

Article 29 of the coalition agreement you signed with Likud, chaired by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, establishes July 1 as the start date for discussion of an annexation proposal by the government or Knesset. We believe that unilateral annexation poses grave risks to Israel’s future as a democracy and to its security in the region.

Annexation of any scope is a violation of a core principle of international law, which prohibits the acquisition of territory by the use of force. Knowingly committing an illegal act under international law may risk incurring penalties from other UN member states and international bodies.

Furthermore, unilateral annexation is not only a violation of international law, but of Israel’s own treaty commitments. It risks jeopardizing Israel’s vital relationships with allied states and the stability of the Palestinian Authority, which has been key element of Israel’s security. Jordan’s King Abdullah II has warned of a “massive conflict” if Israel proceeds along the path of annexation. We trust you are aware of the warnings from Israel’s own military and intelligence communities who have warned of the likely ramifications: annexation poses mainly risks, without any strategic benefit to Israel.

Significantly, formalizing Israel’s control over occupied territories through unilateral annexation forecloses on hopes for peace and poses a terminal threat to Israel’s democratic character. A situation in which Israel maintains permanent control of the West Bank while denying wholesale equal rights of citizenship to Palestinians has disturbing modern parallels. Indeed, annexation means enacting institutionalized, formal system of discrimination between two ethnic-national populations, both living in the same territory, with each governed by a separate set of laws. 

We are concerned that this will lead to further violations of the rights to property, equality and dignity of the Palestinians living in the West Bank, and entrench a system of discrimination between Israeli citizens and Palestian subjects, as Israel’s High Court found in its most recent ruling on the “Regularization Law.” 

Annexation will surely not bring Israel toward peace, but instead take it down a path of endless conflict and permanent occupation. 

Finally, this grave decision to abandon the State of Israel’s democratic aspirations runs altogether counter to the shared democratic values and commitment to the pursuit of peace that have long formed the heart of the US-Israel relationship. Indeed, Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi has warned that this move runs counter to the long-term interests and likely future policy of the United States.

The vast majority of American Jews support a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Our organizations represent this majority. Achieving an end to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the occupation through a negotiated two-state agreement is the only viable pathway to secure Israel’s future as a democracy and as a homeland for the Jewish people.

For the sake of the State of Israel’s democracy, its global standing, and its relationships with the United States and with the American Jewish community, we urge you to do everything within your power as a minister in this government to prevent annexation.


  • Ameinu
  • Americans for Peace Now
  • J Street
  • The New Israel Fund
  • T’ruah
  • Hashomer Hatzair World Movement
  • Partners for Progressive Israel
  • Jewish Labor Committee
  • Habonim Dror North America
  • Reconstructing Judaism
Public Statements, Israel


Subscribe to RSS - Israel